Every Filipino woman, man and child has the right to adequate food. The right's normative content and associated obligations, codified into the Right to Adequate Food Framework Act (Zero Hunger Bill), allows government to reduce hunger and malnutrition in the Philippines.


The Right to Adequate Food is the right of all, alone or with others, to have physical and economic access at all times to adequate food or means to procure it. The right to adequate food is much broader than simply a minimum set of calories, proteins and other nutrients.
Let's Deconstruct the Right to Adequate Food

Normative Content

The right to adequate food's normative content consists of:
(1) food availability, which means that persons may either feed themselves directly from the land they till or from other natural resources they gather, or from an efficient and operational distribution, processing and market system;
(2) Food physical accessibility, which means that food must be readily accessible to all, especially those physically challenged and vulnerable like children, the elderly, persons with disabilities, etc.;
(3) Food economic accessibility, which means that costs of procuring food should not be too prohibitive that it adversely affects the satisfaction of other human rights;
(4) Food safety,which refers to food in sufficient quantity and quality that meets dietary needs, is free from adverse substances and is culturally acceptable. In this regard, it is important to note that women and children have special nutritional requirements.


The right to adequate food carries corresponding obligations, which require the State to respect, protect and fulfill the right.
The obligation to respect requires the State not to not to interfere with or impair the enjoyment of the right to adequate food.
The obligation to protect requires the State to provide guarantees against threats and risks stemming from private actors or societal forces that are controllable by State action.
The obligation to fulfil requires the State to facilitate the enjoyment of the right to adequate food by adopting or pursuing appropriate policies and measures, in a manner to foster and promote the human right to adequate food and to create and maintain conditions under which every person can freely and regularly enjoy her or his right to adequate food.
Did government violate the right to adequate food?